The Heritage of Daniel Haston


War of 1812 Oath of Service
Isaac Haston / Hastings

November 13, 1814 - Excerpt from the Isaac Haston Timeline

Isaac Enlisted for the War of 1812: According to the History of Sonoma Co, CA, Isaac "fought in the War of 1812." That fact is clearly verified by documents from the National Archives. A brief of a Claim for a Survivor's Pension, under the February 14, 1871 Act, refers to "Isaac Hastain, Private of Captain Daniel Newman's Company, Tennessee Militia Reg't." It indicates that he enlisted on November 13, 1814 and was discharged on May 13, 1815. At the time of the claim, he was a resident of Santa Rosa (Sonoma County), California. An August 7, 1871 Declaration and Identification form indicates his length of service to have been 182 days. Apparently, Isaac's nephew (Joseph C. Haston, who was married to Isaac's daughter Emily) and his [Isaac's] son (Jesse Axley Hastin) vouched for his loyalty to the United States. The pension of $8 per month was approved on March 23, 1872 and was in effect, retroactively, as of February 14, 1871. According to family history, recorded by Isaac's great granddaughter (Jessie Pritchard) in her search to became a member of the DAR, he saw General Packenham killed, used chain guns in the war, and fought some after peace was declared. A copy of Jessie Pritchard's notes exists in Wayne Haston's files for Isaac.
Sources: War of 1812 Records for Isaac Hastain [sic] (available for a fee from Genealogy Quest)
It appears that Isaac served in the 3rd Regiment West Tennessee Militia Infantry under Colonel James Raulston. This regiment existed from November 1814 to May 1815 and included men mostly from Jackson, Sumner, Wilson, Overton, Smith, and White counties. Daniel Newman was one of the captains (the one under whom Isaac served) and this regiment was a part of General William Carroll's division at the battles for New Orleans. Newman was a citizen of White County, TN. The regiment suffered casualties during the December 28, 1814 skirmish and had two of the "handful" (eight) of fatalities in the famous January 8, 1815 battle.
TN State Library and Archives

  • DESIGNATION: 3rd Regiment West Tennessee Militia Infantry
  • DATES: November 1814 - May 1815
  • MEN MOSTLY FROM: Jackson, Sumner, Wilson, Overton, Smith, and White Counties
  • CAPTAINS: James A. Black, Matthew Cowen, Henry Hamilton, Elijah Haynie, Wiley Huddleston, Matthew Neal, Daniel Newman, Edward Robinson, Charles Wade, Henry West

Part of Major General William Carroll's division at the battles for New Orleans, this regiment suffered casualties during the skirmish of 28th December 1814 and had two of the handful of fatalities on the famous 8 January 1815 battle. General Carroll's report of the battle tells that Captains Elijah Haynie and Matthew Neal "had the honor of receiving and repelling the attacks of the British forces."

One of the soldiers in this regiment, Levi Lee of Captain Henry West's company, kept a diary during the war. A resident of Jackson County, Lee also served in the regiments of Colonels Steele and Cheatham.


Following is from D. Mitchell Jones:
3025 Kline Road
Jacksonville, FL 32246

We have been limited due to the loss of records by fire in determining the activities of Prettyman Jones, but due to their involvement in the War of 1812 we do have a good idea as to his, activities and those of his brothers, Thomas and Zachariah, in late 1814 and early 1815. As a result of "General William Carroll's call in November 1814 for volunteers to defend New Orleans against an expected attack by the British"30 Colonel James Roulston formed the Third Regiment of Tennessee Militia. Prettyman and Thomas were in Captain Matthew Cowen's Company of this regiment. The Company was mustered into service on 15 November 1814 at Camp Flynes, Jackson County, Tennessee. "On 21 Nov the regiment left Nashville by boat, and arrived in Clarksville on 24 Nov."31 "They made a fairly fast trip to New Orleans for they were at the mouth of Cumberland on 1 Dec., Natchez on Wednesday 14 Dec, and finally landed on 20 Dec 1814 about four miles above New Orleans." They had traveled 1300 miles by boat in about 30 days. There they made camp, cleaned weapons, mended clothing, and drilled by Company. When they arrived in New Orleans the Tennessee Militia did not make a very good impression on the people of New Orleans with their clothing, etc.

"Their appearance was not very military. In their woolen hunting shirts and copperas (greenish color) dyed pantaloons, with slouched hats made from the skins of raccoons or foxes; with belts of untanned deerskin in which were stuck their hunting knives and tomahawks-with their long unkempt hair and unshorn faces .... But were admirable soldiers, remarkable for endurance and possessing that admirable quality in soldiers of being able to take care of themselves."32

Another eyewitness wrote of Carroll's Tennessee Militiamen: "These men carried nothing but their carouch-boxes and powder homs-their bullets were usually in their pantaloons pockets-they had no idea whatever of military order and discipline; they paid attention only to the more important part of their calling, which, according to their notions, was quietly to pick out their man, fix him in their aim, and bring him down.33 After the British had landed about 8 miles below New Orleans, Gen. Jackson on 23 Dec. ordered Gen. Carroll and his Tennesseans into New Orleans, and to be ready to move at a moments notice. During Jackson's night attack of 23rd against British, Gen. Carroll's Tennesseans did not take part. On the 24th Jackson put his troops in a defensive position along Rodriquez Canal several miles below New Orleans. The canal extended from the Mississippi River for 900 yards to a swamp. Carroll's men were moved on the 26th to the left center of the line, and they covered the area to the swamp. There they worked without stopping on the breastworks of the lines. In order to discover the nature of Jackson's defenses, the British made a small attack on the 28th. The British thought that the area next to the swamp was the weakest, but Carroll's Tennesseans were able to stop the attack.

There they lived until the battle on the 8th of Jan.
"Unshaven, dirty, they lived for over seven days waist-deep in mud, chilled by the intermittent rains, surrounded by the stench of the decaying marshlands, threatened by lurking danger in the shadows of the cypress trees. Yet they had one complaint: If we could only see the redcoats within fair buck range. "33

But at night they came into their own, as Latour states, "The Tennesseans, on account of their well-known skill at the rifle, were the terror of the British sentinels and advanced posts. Their uniform consisted of a brown hunting shirt, ('because of this the British called them dirty shirts'), which rendered it difficult to perceive them among the Underwood and dry grass through which they approached to shoot down the British sentinels, whom they never missed. Finally when dawn of 8th of Jan arrived, the Tennesseans discovered the enemy occupying the space between the woods and the Mississippi. The British having perceived that the left part of Jackson's line was weak, Carroll's Tennesseans would bear the brunt of the attack. On their first charge the British were met by a withering volley from Carroll's men, and the British took to their heels and fled. Then Carroll's men were attacked by Scottish Highlanders. Again the Tennesseans showed no respect for their enemy and opened a murderous fire upon the Highlanders. "The whole line from Carroll's Tennesseans to the swamp was almost one solid blaze. Four men deep, the ranks of the Tennesseans never stopped for breath. As fast as one man fired he stepped back for the next to take his place. By the time the fourth line had discharged its rifles, the first was taking aim again. There were barely fifteen hundred rifles in the line yet scarely a rifle failed to find its mark. The redcoats fell like blades of grass beneath the scythe." a British officer recorded.34